Metastatic prostate cancer is prostate cancer that has spread (metastasized) to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a walnut-shaped organ located below a man's bladder. It produces fluid for semen.
The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown. But things such as age and family history increase a man's risk for this disease.
Metastatic prostate cancer may not cause symptoms. It may be discovered in examinations and tests that are part of follow-up care for another health condition. Symptoms may include bone pain, weight loss, or swelling in the legs and feet.
Prostate cancer usually is a disease of older men. Bone scans may be used to discover metastatic prostate cancer, which often appears in bones. Other tests that may be used to find out the extent of metastatic prostate cancer include CT scans, MRIs, and PET scans.
Treatment for metastatic prostate cancer focuses on relieving symptoms and slowing the rate at which the cancer spreads. Treatment may include hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. In some cases, taking part in a clinical trial of a new treatment may be an option.
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Christopher G. Wood MD, FACS - Urology, Oncology